Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are virus or bacteria transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. Some of the common STDs are HIV, hepatitis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HPV. These cause health complications and can be fatal at times. The disease is predominant among those who are sexually active. Timely STD testing San Antonio, TX is crucial to diagnose and get timely treatment of the disease. More information on the STD statistics is available at https://www.ok.gov/health/Disease,_Prevention,_Preparedness/HIV_STD_Service/HIV_STD_Statistics/
Different Types Of STDs
Chlamydia is primarily caused by a bacterial infection. It leads to stinging or burning sensation after urination. Moreover it causes genital pain and unpleasant discharge. The disease affects both genders. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) informs that Chlamydia is the most prevalent STD in the US. The disease is dominant between the age group of 15 and 24 years. Visit the doctor and take prescribed antibiotics for cure. It is important to get the tests to confirm Chlamydia infection. Urine samples are collected to test for Chlamydia.
Another commonly found STD includes Gonorrhea. It arises due to a bacterial infection and can be treated with antibiotics. The disease is referred to as drip or clap. The infection is found in the vagina or penis. Sometimes it thrives in the throat or anus. Lab test can help in diagnosing the problem. A urine sample is enough to check if you are infected by Gonorrhea. It is recommended that both men and women go for a complete STD screening. Both sexual partners need to get the test done for quick recovery and to prevent re-infection.
Hepatitis virus attacks the liver and is treatable. The virus can lead to liver cancer, liver disorder and failure. Hepatitis diseases are of three types -A, B and C. Blood sample can help diagnose the disease. Hepatitis cannot be cured with antibiotics. The doctors prescribe antiviral medication to suppress the virus. The infected individual follows an active lifestyle despite undergoing antiviral treatment. Complete cure for Hepatitis virus is still under research. The disease is transmitted during sexual intercourse.
Herpes is a viral infection and is known as Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). Antiviral medication is the treatment option for the disease. There are two types of Herpes, Type 1 and Type 2. Both these types cause blisters and sores. Type 1 Herpes causes blisters in the lips and mouth. There are over the counter medication for this disease. Type 2 causes sores in the anal or genital region. Doctor prescription is necessary to treat this type of infection. The medicines can treat the outbreaks. However, Herpes spreads even when the outbreak is suppressed. Herpes can lead to miscarriage in pregnant women or even early delivery.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes AIDS if not treated immediately it can lead to death. There are no symptoms and it is hard to find one. Some of the indications are headache, rashes, fever, swollen neck glands, sore throat, open sores etc. The final stage of HIV is AIDS where the body loses its immunity.